A transparent night time sky gives an ever-changing show of interesting gadgets to look — stars, constellations, and brilliant planets, regularly the moon, and from time to time particular occasions like meteor showers. Looking at the night time sky can also be performed with out a particular apparatus, even though a sky map can also be very helpful. Binoculars or one of the most very best telescopes will support some reviews and produce some differently invisible gadgets into view. You’ll be able to additionally use stargazing apps and device to make your looking at more straightforward, and use our Satellite tv for pc Tracker web page powered by means of cvmusicstudio.com to determine when to look the World House Station and different satellites. Beneath, in finding out what is up within the night time sky this night (Planets Visual Now, Moon Stages, Looking at Highlights This Month) plus different assets (Skywatching Phrases, Night time Sky Looking at Guidelines and Additional Studying).
You’ll be able to additionally seize the night time sky by means of the use of any of the most efficient cameras for astrophotography, in conjunction with a choice of the most efficient lenses for astrophotography.
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Per thirty days skywatching data is supplied to cvmusicstudio.com by means of Chris Vaughan of Starry Night time Schooling, the chief in house science curriculum answers. Observe Starry Night time on Twitter @StarryNightEdu and Chris at @Astrogeoguy.
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Night time Sky Guides:
- When, the place and tips on how to see the planets within the 2022 night time sky
- The highest skywatching occasions to search for in 2022
- Highest night time sky occasions of January 2022 (Stargazing Maps)
- House calendar 2022: Rocket launches, sky occasions, missions & extra
Calendar of looking at highlights
Saturday, Jan. 1 — The interior planets dance (after sundown)
To kick off 2022, the internal planets Mercury and Venus will shine in combination low within the southwestern sky after sundown on Saturday, Jan. 1. Magnitude -0.71 Mercury will probably be situated a narrow fist’s diameter to the higher left (or 8 levels to the celestial east) of 23 instances brighter Venus. The 2 planets will set about an hour after the solar. At the following evenings, Mercury will shift upper whilst Venus descends. As soon as the solar has totally set, it is going to be protected to view the planets in binoculars (inexperienced circle) and telescopes. Below magnification, Mercury, located at the a long way aspect of the solar from Earth, will show off a 70%-illuminated disk. However Venus will display a razor-thin sliver as a result of it is going to be situated between Earth and the solar.
Sunday, Jan. 2 — New moon (at 18:33 GMT)
At 1:33 p.m. EST or 18:33 GMT on Sunday, Jan. 2, the moon will formally succeed in its new moon segment. At the moment it is going to be situated in Sagittarius and roughly 4.3 levels south of the solar. Whilst new, the moon is touring between Earth and the solar. Since daylight can simplest succeed in the a long way aspect of a brand new moon, and the moon is in the similar area of the sky because the solar, our herbal satellite tv for pc turns into totally hidden from view for roughly an afternoon. This new moon will happen not up to an afternoon after lunar perigee, leading to huge tides world wide.
Sunday, Jan. 2 — Watch Algol brighten (at 7:42 p.m. EST)
Within the constellation of Perseus, the superstar Algol, additionally designated Beta Persei, represents the sparkling eye of Medusa from Greek mythology. It is likely one of the maximum available variable stars for skywatchers. All through a ten-hour length that repeats each and every 2 days, 20 hours, and 49 mins, Algol dims by means of half of after which re-brightens, as a result of a significant other superstar orbiting just about edge-on to Earth crosses in entrance of the a lot brighter primary superstar, lowering the overall mild output we understand. Algol most often shines at magnitude 2.1, very similar to the within reach superstar Almach in Andromeda. However at its minimal, Algol’s magnitude 3.4 is very similar to the superstar Rho Persei (ρ According to), which is situated simply two finger widths to Algol’s decrease appropriate (or 2.25 levels to the celestial south). On Sunday, Jan. 2 at 7:42 p.m. EST (or 00:42 GMT on Jan. 3), an absolutely dimmed Algol will sit down just about overhead within the japanese sky. 5 hours later the superstar will shine at complete depth from a perch midway up the western sky.
Monday, Jan. 3 — Quadrantids meteor bathe top (prior to daybreak)
Named for a now-defunct constellation known as the Mural Quadrant, the Quadrantids meteor bathe runs from December 30 to Jan. 12 annually. Quadrantids meteors at all times go back and forth clear of the bathe’s radiant, which lies within the northern sky past the end of the Large Dipper’s take care of. This bathe usually produces brilliant fireballs as a result of it’s produced by means of debris from an asteroid designated 2003EH. The bathe’s maximum intense length, when as much as 50 to 100 meteors consistent with hour can seem, lasts simplest about 6 hours surrounding the height, which is anticipated to happen on Monday, Jan. 3 round 21:00 GMT (or 4 p.m. Jap and 1 p.m. Pacific time). With the height on Monday afternoon within the Americas, the optimum instances for viewing Quadrantids there will probably be prior to daybreak on each Monday and Tuesday — even though fewer Quadrantids will probably be observed. Observers in japanese Asia may have the most efficient display — prior to daybreak on Tuesday morning — when the bathe’s radiant will probably be prime within the northeastern pre-dawn sky all through the height of the bathe. Thankfully, the height night time will probably be moonless international.
Monday, Jan. 3 — Younger moon passes Venus and Mercury (after sundown)
For a temporary length after sundown on Monday, Jan. 3, the very younger crescent moon will probably be situated close to the internal planets Venus and Mercury, simply above the southwestern horizon. As soon as the solar has totally set, search out the very brilliant speck of Venus, after which glance a fist’s width to her left (or 11 levels to the celestial southeast) for the sliver of the two%-illuminated moon. Magnitude -0.7 Mercury will shine a number of finger-widths above the moon, letting them proportion the sphere of view in binoculars (inexperienced circle). The moon and Venus will set first, leaving Mercury to decorate because the sky darkens. Observers at southerly latitudes will see the trio a little bit upper and in a darker sky.
Tuesday, Jan. 4 — Earth at perihelion (at 07:00 GMT)
On Tuesday, Jan. 4 at 07:00 GMT or 2 a.m. EST, the Earth will succeed in perihelion, its minimal distance from the solar for the 12 months. At the moment Earth will sit down 91.407 million miles (147.105 million km) from our superstar — or 1.66% nearer than our imply distance of one.0 Astronomical Devices. As winter-chilled Northern Hemisphere dwellers will attest, day-to-day temperatures on Earth aren’t managed by means of our proximity to the solar, however by means of the choice of hours of sunlight we enjoy.
Tuesday, Jan. 4 — Crescent moon close to Saturn (early night)
The moon will make its per 30 days shuttle previous the intense fuel large planets beginning on Tuesday night, Jan. 4. As soon as the sky starts to darken after sundown, the creamy dot of Saturn will seem shining a number of finger-widths to the higher appropriate (or 5 levels to the celestial southeast) of the narrow crescent moon, shut sufficient for them to proportion the view in binoculars (inexperienced circle). Look ahead to the brighter planets Mercury (underneath them) and Jupiter (above them). The grouping will make a great photograph alternative.
Wednesday, Jan. 5 — Waxing moon with many planets (early night)
On Wednesday, Jan. 5, the waxing crescent moon will climb to sit down a palm’s width underneath (or 6 levels to the celestial southwest of) brilliant Jupiter within the southwestern sky after nightfall. Saturn, Mercury, and Venus will probably be strung out to their decrease appropriate — even though Venus will set briefly after sundown. The road of planets will categorical the airplane of our sun gadget, near to the ecliptic (inexperienced line), at the night time sky. Because the sky darkens, stay a watch out for Earthshine, daylight mirrored from Earth that relatively brightens the darkish portion of the moon’s disk.
Friday, Jan. 7 — Mercury at biggest japanese elongation (after sundown)
On Friday morning, Jan. 7 within the Americas, Mercury (orbit proven in crimson) will succeed in its widest separation of nineteen levels east of the Solar, and most visibility for the present apparition. That timing signifies that Mercury will seem nearly as a long way from the solar on each Thursday and Friday. With Mercury situated slightly below the night ecliptic (inexperienced line) within the southwestern sky, this look of the planet will probably be a quite just right one for each Northern and Southern Hemisphere observers. The optimum viewing instances at mid-northern latitudes will probably be round 5:30 p.m. native time. Seen in a telescope (inset) the planet will show off a waning, half-illuminated segment. The brilliant planets Jupiter and Saturn will proportion the scene.
Sunday, Jan. 9 — First quarter moon (at 18:11 GMT)
When the moon completes the primary quarter of its orbit round Earth at 1:11 p.m. EST (or 18:11 GMT) on Sunday, Jan. 9, the relative positions of the Earth, solar, and moon will reason us to look it half-illuminated — on its japanese aspect. In the beginning quarter, the moon at all times rises round midday and units round nighttime, so additionally it is visual within the afternoon sunlight hours sky. The evenings surrounding first quarter are the most efficient for seeing the lunar terrain when it’s dramatically lit by means of low-angled daylight.
Wednesday, Jan. 12 — Shiny moon above Ceres (night)
On Wednesday night, Jan. 12, the orbital movement of the waxing gibbous moon will raise it very near to Ceres, the biggest object within the belt between Mars and Jupiter, and the primary asteroid found out. In 2006, Ceres used to be reclassified as a dwarf planet. After nightfall, the moon will probably be situated within the southeastern sky some of the stars of Taurus, with the tiny dot of magnitude 8.0 Ceres located not up to a lunar diameter underneath it, i.e., to the celestial SSE. The Pleiades superstar cluster will probably be within reach. For very best effects, cover the intense moon outdoor of the highest of your subject of view of binoculars (huge inexperienced circle). The duo will probably be telescope-close, too (small inexperienced circle) — however your optics will turn and/or invert the scene. Over the process Wednesday night time, the moon’s separation above Ceres will building up to a number of finger widths.
Thursday, Jan. 13 — Moon crosses the iciness soccer (night)
The Wintry weather Soccer, often referred to as the Wintry weather Hexagon and Wintry weather Circle, is an asterism composed of the brightest stars within the constellations of Canis Primary, Orion, Taurus, Auriga, Gemini, and Canis Minor — in particular Sirius, Rigel, Aldebaran, Capella, Castor & Pollux, and Procyon. After nightfall, the large development will stand upright within the southeastern sky — extending from 30 levels above the horizon to overhead. The Milky Manner passes vertically during the asterism. The hexagon is visual all through evenings from mid-November to spring annually. The waxing gibbous moon will succeed in the western fringe of the large form on Thursday, Jan. 13 after which pass via it from Jan. 14 to Jan. 16 (crimson trail with dates:time).
Sunday, Jan. 16 — Ceres stops shifting (in a single day)
On Sunday, Jan. 16, the movement of the dwarf planet designated (1) Ceres around the background stars of Taurus will pause whilst it completes a retrograde loop that started on October 8, 2021 (crimson trail with classified dates:instances). This night, the magnitude 8.1 object will probably be situated in western Taurus, a narrow palm’s width underneath the intense Pleiades superstar cluster (Messier 45). After Sunday, Ceres will resume its common prograde movement eastward.
Monday, Jan. 17 — Small Complete Wolf Moon (at 23:48 GMT)
The whole moon that may happen at 6:48 p.m. EST (or 23:48 GMT) on Monday, Jan. 17 is referred to as the Wolf Moon, Previous Moon, and Moon after Yuletide. The January complete moon at all times shines in or close to the celebs of Gemini or Most cancers. The Indigenous Ojibwe other people of the Nice Lakes area name it Gichi-manidoo Giizis, the “Nice Spirit Moon”, a time to honor the silence and acknowledge one’s position inside of all of Nice Thriller’s creatures. (You may recall that title from listening to or making a song Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s The Tune of Hiawatha.) The Cree of North The us name the January complete moon Opawahcikanasis, the “Frost Exploding Moon”, when timber crackle from the extraordinary chilly temperatures. Complete moons all through the iciness months climb as prime within the sky because the summer time noonday solar, and solid an identical shadows. The whole moons of January and December 2022 will seem smaller than the ones of the remainder of the 12 months — the 3 summer time complete moons will probably be supermoons.
Tuesday, Jan. 18 — Uranus stands nonetheless (night)
On Tuesday, Jan. 18, the far away, blue-green planet Uranus will briefly stop its movement during the far away stars of southern Aries — finishing a westward retrograde loop that started in overdue August. After Tuesday, the planet will start to transfer eastward once more. At magnitude +5.75, Uranus can also be observed in binoculars (inexperienced circle) and yard telescopes, or even with unaided eyes, beneath darkish skies. Search for the planet’s small, blue-green dot a fist’s width to the decrease left of (or 11.5 levels southeast of) Aries’ brightest stars, Hamal and Sheratan. Or use binoculars (inexperienced circle) to find Uranus the use of the nearer superstar Mu Ceti.
Wednesday, Jan. 19 — Grimaldi presentations lunar libration (all night time)
Because of its orbit’s 5-degree inclination and ellipticity, the moon tilts up-and-down and sways left-to-right by means of a small quantity whilst holding the similar hemisphere pointed against Earth all the time. Over the process many months, this lunar libration impact shall we us see 59% of the moon’s general floor — with out leaving the Earth! Libration can also be detected by means of noting the way in which main options, such because the darkish and really spherical crater Grimaldi, transfer towards and clear of the limb of the moon, and up and down. That 108-mile (175 km) diameter basin is simple to look the use of your unaided eyes, and in binoculars, and telescopes. It’s situated close to the western fringe of the moon, simply south of the moon’s equator (the up-down crimson curve) and underneath, or lunar southwest of, the massive, darkish patch of Oceanus Procellarum, the Sea of Storms. On Wednesday, Jan. 19 and the next nights, libration will shift Grimaldi upper and clear of the moon’s edge.
Friday, Jan. 21 — The Pleiades (all night time)
In mid-evening all through overdue January, the Pleiades open superstar cluster, often referred to as the Seven Sisters and Messier 45 is situated prime within the southern sky. The remainder of its house constellation Taurus sits underneath the cluster. Visually, the Pleiades consists of the medium-bright, sizzling blue stars named Asterope, Merope, Electra, Maia, Taygeta, Celaeno, and Alcyone. In Greek mythology, the ones characters have been the daughters of Atlas, and half-sisters of the Hyades. The celebrities are certainly comparable — lately born of the similar primordial fuel cloud. To the bare eye, simplest six of the sister stars are normally obvious; their folks Atlas and Pleione are huddled in combination on the east finish of the grouping. Below magnification, masses of stars seem. Now not unusually, many cultures, together with Aztec, Maori, Sioux, and Hindu have famous this object and advanced tales round it. In Japan, it is known as Subaru, and paperwork the brand of the eponymous automotive maker. Because of its form, the Pleiades are from time to time at a loss for words with the Little Dipper.
Saturday, Jan. 22 — The Double Cluster (night)
The Double Cluster consists of the 2 huge and brilliant open clusters NGC 884 and NGC 889. It sits prime within the northern sky after nightfall in iciness after which descends to skim the northern horizon by means of daybreak. Attempt to cut up the pair of clusters, each and every as huge because the moon and nearly a lunar diameter aside, with unaided eyes. Binoculars (huge inexperienced circle) or a low-power, widefield telescope (small inexperienced circle) will display them in all their glory. NGC 869, the extra westerly cluster, is extra compact and incorporates greater than 100 white and blue-white stars. NGC 884, the easterly cluster, is far much less compact and hosts a handful of eighth magnitude golden suns. Use upper chronic to look doubles, mini-asterisms, and darkish lanes of lacking stars. The 2 clusters are throughout the Perseus Arm of our Milky Manner galaxy, about 7,300 light-years from the solar. Their visible brightness has been dramatically diminished by means of opaque interstellar mud within the foreground.
Tuesday, Jan. 25 — 3rd quarter moon (at 13:41 GMT)
When the moon reaches its third-quarter segment at 8:41 a.m. EST or 13:41 GMT on Tuesday, Jan. 25, it is going to upward push at about nighttime, after which stay visual within the southern sky all morning. At 0.33, or ultimate, quarter the moon is illuminated on its western aspect, against the pre-dawn Solar. 3rd-quarter moons are situated forward of the Earth in our shuttle across the Solar. About 3.5 hours later, Earth will occupy that very same location in house. The week of darkish, moonless night skies that observe this segment will probably be supreme for looking at deep-sky objectives.
Wednesday, Jan. 26 — Mars close to nebulas (pre-dawn)
Within the southeastern pre-dawn sky on Wednesday, Jan. 26, the orbital movement of Mars (crimson trail with dates and instances) will raise the planet near to a number of brilliant deep-sky gadgets in northern Sagittarius. The Trifid Nebula (Messier 20) and the open superstar cluster Messier 21 will sit down a thumb’s width to the higher left (or 1 diploma to the celestial NNW) of Mars. The Lagoon Nebula (Messier 8) with its central superstar cluster NGC 6530 will probably be situated simply to the decrease appropriate (or 0.5 levels to the south) of Mars. Probably the most deep sky gadgets will probably be visual in binoculars (inexperienced circle) beneath darkish sky stipulations.
Thursday, Jan. 27 — Previous moon within the Scorpion’s claws (pre-dawn)
When the waning crescent moon rises within the southeast after 3 a.m. native time on Thursday, Jan. 28, it is going to be passing during the up-down line making up the 3 claw stars of the scorpion, Scorpius. From best to backside, the ones 3, 2d magnitude, white stars are Graffias or Acrab, Dschubba, and Fang (or Beta, Delta, and Pi Scorpii, respectively. The fainter stars Rho and Nu Scorpii bracket the trio. Scorpius’ brightest superstar, reddish Antares, will twinkle to their decrease left.
Saturday, Jan. 29 — Crescent moon with Mars and Vesta (pre-dawn)
On Saturday, Jan. 29, the gorgeous, slim crescent of the outdated moon and the intense reddish dot of Mars will upward push in combination within the southeastern sky in a while after 5 a.m. native time — making a wonderful photograph alternative when composed with some fascinating surroundings. The pair will probably be shut sufficient to proportion the view in binoculars — with Mars poised a couple of finger-widths to the moon’s higher left. Earlier than the sky brightens, seek for the magnitude 7.6 asteroid designated (4) Vesta situated a binoculars’ field-width (inexperienced circle) to the decrease left (or 6.4 levels to the celestial ENE) of Mars. Vesta will method, after which go north of, Mars in overdue February. Many deep sky gadgets (crimson labels) will proportion the scene.
For the primary half of of January, magnitude -0.7 Mercury will probably be visual within the southwestern sky after sundown. Within the first few days of the month, it is going to be poised to the higher left (or celestial southeast) of a lot brighter Venus. Mercury’s biggest elongation, 19 levels east of the solar, will happen on Jan. 7, every week prior to its perihelion — making this a temporary and rather just right apparition for Northern Hemisphere observers, however a much less supreme one for southerners. The most productive viewing time round elongation will probably be 5:30 p.m. native time. Mercury will method Saturn till the pair closes to inside of 3.4 levels of each other on Jan. 12-13. After that, Mercury’s westerly retrograde movement will outpace Saturn of their race sunward. Mercury will all of a sudden change into misplaced within the twilight after mid-month. Telescope perspectives will divulge a waning segment that decreases from 76% to a skinny crescent. In the meantime, the planet’s obvious disk measurement will swell from 6 arc-seconds to almost 10 arc-seconds. (At all times make sure that the solar is totally underneath the horizon prior to coaching optics on Mercury.) The very younger crescent moon may well be noticed not up to 5 levels underneath (south of) Mercury on Jan. 3. However the moon will probably be extra simply observed at the following night, when it is going to sit down 11 levels to Mercury’s higher left. Following inferior sun conjunction on Jan. 26, Mercury will input the east-southeastern pre-dawn sky — starting up a long, however deficient apparition for northerners.
The hole few days of January will in finding Venus low within the west-southwestern sky after sundown, and all of a sudden descending sunward. When Venus reaches inferior conjunction on Jan. 8-9, our sister planet will probably be nearer than any planet has been to Earth in a century — an insignificant 0.266 Astronomical Devices, 24.7 million miles, 39.767 million km, or 133 light-minutes. Telescope perspectives of the planet will probably be very dangerous whilst it is that near to the solar. Skilled observers may glimpse Venus’ razor-thin crescent and its swollen obvious disk diameter of 63 arc-seconds! Venus will spend all of January shifting retrograde westward via northern Sagittarius. When the planet re-appears within the east-southeastern pre-dawn sky a number of mornings after conjunction, it is going to all of a sudden climb out of the morning twilight and often brighten. Venus will finish January at magnitude -4.8, and getting ready to go a half-dozen levels to the north of Mars all through early February. The outdated crescent moon will proportion the pre-dawn sky with Venus on Jan. 29 and 30.
All through January, Mars will probably be observable within the southeastern pre-dawn sky whilst it slowly climbs clear of the solar on its year-long adventure to opposition in overdue December. On Jan. 1, the ruddy, magnitude 1.53 planet will upward push some of the stars of Ophiuchus after 5 a.m. native time — simply 5 levels northeast of its rival, the intense superstar Antares.
Over the process the month, Mars will develop in obvious diameter from 4 to 4.3 arc-seconds and brighten a little bit to magnitude 1.4. Mars’ easterly prograde movement will grasp it in position whilst the background stars migrate west. On Jan. 20 the Pink Planet will go into the wealthy superstar fields of Sagittarius. Mars will go telescope-close to the globular cluster NGC 6235 on Jan. 3, the planetary nebula IC 4634 on Jan. 6, globular NGC 6287 on Jan. 7, the Ghost of Mars Nebula (NGC 6369) on Jan. 15, and the globular NGC 6401 on Jan. 18.
On Jan. 26, Mars will go not up to 1.5 levels to the SSW of the Trifid Nebula (Messier 20) and the within reach open superstar cluster Messier 21. That very same morning, the Lagoon Nebula (Messier 8) with its central superstar cluster NGC 6530 will probably be situated simply 0.5 levels to the south of Mars.
Towards month’s finish, Mars will greet a lot brighter Venus, which is able to method from Mars’ higher left (or celestial northeast). On Jan. 29, the slim crescent of the outdated moon will shine a number of levels to the south of Mars, making a pleasing photograph alternative. The magnitude 7.6 asteroid designated (4) Vesta will probably be within reach, too — about 6.5 levels to the east-northeast of Mars.
Our time for viewing Jupiter will conclude all through January. All through the primary half of of the month the intense, magnitude -2.1 planet will probably be simply noticed in telescopes in early night because it strikes prograde eastward via central Aquarius within the southwestern sky. However Jupiter will probably be flirting with the night twilight by means of month’s finish — its attitude from the solar may have been diminished to simply 25 levels.
Jupiter’s 4 Galilean moons will seem on each side the planet in binoculars. In telescopes, the good crimson spot will pass Jupiter’s disk each and every 2nd or 0.33 night time. 13 instances fainter Saturn will shine 18 levels to the decrease appropriate (celestial west) of Jupiter, till the ringed planet disappears into the twilight against month-end. On Jan. 5, the waxing crescent moon will go 6 levels to the southwest of Jupiter.
All through early night for the primary week of January, Saturn will probably be observable within the west-southwestern sky because it strikes eastward some of the stars of central Capricornus. After mid-month, Saturn will change into an increasing number of swamped by means of twilight. The ringed planet’s distance from Mercury, which will probably be sitting to its decrease appropriate (or celestial west), will lower to a few.4 levels on Jan. 12-13. After that come upon, Mercury’s westerly retrograde movement will outpace Saturn as they each swing sunward. The younger crescent moon will shine 5 levels to Saturn’s left on Jan. 4.
Magnitude 5.7 Uranus will probably be observable in binoculars and telescopes all night lengthy all through January. Its small, blue-green dot will probably be shifting slowly retrograde westwards in southern Aries, 10.5 levels southeast of that constellation’s brightest stars, Hamal and Sheratan, and simplest 5 levels from the medium-bright superstar Mu Ceti to its south. The planet will maximum visual when it climbs to its best place within the southern sky at round 7 p.m. native time. From Jan. 10 to 11, the intense, waxing gibbous moon will hop previous Uranus.
The far away and blue-colored planet Neptune will probably be observable within the southwestern sky in early night all through January. The magnitude 7.9 planet will probably be touring very slowly eastward some of the stars of northeastern Aquarius. If the sky could be very darkish, Neptune can also be observed in binoculars. To find it, in finding the north-south grouping of 5 medium-bright stars Psi, Chi, and Phi Aquarii (or ψ, X, and φ Aqr). Neptune’s non-twinkling speck will sit down 3 levels to the NNE of the highest superstar, Phi. Seen in a telescope, Neptune’s obvious disk measurement will probably be 2.25 arc-seconds.
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